Albedo

Albedo is a reflection coefficient. The term albedo means ‘whiteness’ in Latin. It measures how much light that hits the Earth is being reflected back to the universe without being absorbed. It is an important concept in climatology, astronomy and for calculating reflection of buildings. The average albedo of the Earth is 30-35%, depending on cloud cover. The albedo of the fresh asphalt is 0,04, while the albedo of the snow is 0,80-0,90.

For more in-depth explanations you can read: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albedo and http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/149954/

But before you dismiss this topic, ask yourself, whom are the creators of the artificial clouds trying to fool? (… by creating the artificial clouds to create higher albedo and lower the non-existing global warming?)

This short text refers to the post The Impact of Climate Geoengineering on Agriculture

https://issuesandsuggestions.wordpress.com/2014/09/11/the-impact-of-climate-geoengineering-on-agriculture/

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Toothpaste

A decade ago I read a book written by Waris Dirie, where she describes how they brushed their teeth in the desert with a tooth stick made out of Neem tree (Salvadora persica). Until then I didn’t pay much attention to the toothpaste, except that I wanted as much herbs in there as possible. Later I found out that in Europe people brushed their teeth with mastic tree (Pistacia Lentiscus or Pistacia Therebintus) tooth sticks or with sticks made of Hazelnut bush. Oil made of mastic gum or leaves helps to keep the teeth in place and prevents paradontosis and kills the bacteria Heliobacter Pylori – as some of the studies state.  While in India people used the Neem tree (Salvadora persica).

http://www.google.si/books?hl=sl&lr=&id=y3_vZIUVVj8C&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=sugarcane+medicinal+properties&ots=nqBme2M_1h&sig=Z0N0BB4nN_CVMZDRL1y844-zAso&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=sugarcane%20medicinal%20properties&f=false

Well, they certainly didn’t have problems with bacteria loaded toothbrushes – we should disinfect them in alcohol solution, I guess.

Just recently I stumbled upon an explanation that Chinese traditional medicine considers teeth as the endpoints of the meridians.

Here is a Meridian Tooth Chart:  http://www.meridiantoothchart.com/tooth_charts.html

What I did notice though is that after using very natural toothpaste (bought or self-made) for some years it also had a healing and soothing effect on my intestines. Actually it worked like daily medicine for my alimentary canal, while the ordinary toothpastes work just the opposite.

Together with the explanation of teeth in TCM I also found an interesting German Tooth gel with 35 various etheric oils to activate each meridian of the teeth. I haven’t tried it, so don’t consider this as an advertisement. It is maybe worth considering this thing called daily mouth hygiene – do we help our intestines with it?

The Impact of Climate Geoengineering on Agriculture

The Climate Geoengineering (CG) is being carried out for nearly two decades now. Some[1] state it has started in 1996. The precise composition of the aerosols used in CG in a particular moment is known only to those who order it. History of the CG dates back to the WW2 with production of fog during bombing and after WW2 it continued as hail prevention, while in English speaking countries it was also carried out as Air Force experiments on the inhabitants (i.e. Project Clover Leaf, etc.) The CG intensified in 1996 as a project of American Air Force to own the weather[2] and as a trial to combat global warming, which was based on climate models – according to some of the experts; some of those climate models have a 100% error. There is no need to spend time discussing[3] global warming, hence even some more visible advocates of global warming like prof. Chris Folland state that the data aren’t important, hence their recommendations are based on models. We should mention, though, that the climate changes were invented in England in 19th century, but the idea wasn’t picked up, at least not until it was used by Margaret Thatcher[4], what caused closing of the coal mines and transition to the nuclear power production of the electric energy. For quite some time, it is being mentioned that the stock of crude oil will expire. King M. Huber[5] who claimed that the stock of crude oil will run out, made this up. Of course this doesn’t mean that the changes regarding the use of the crude oil wouldn’t be welcome. Although my car mechanic says that the transition to the electric car will cause the economy to collapse entirely. It looks like when those on the top of the pyramid want to achieve something, they invent a problem and repeat it long enough for the masses to react on the presented problem and then propose the solutions, like implementing new taxes or technologies. Climate Geoengineering has mainly two major ways of operation: Solar Radiation Management (SRM; SAG- Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering is part of it) and Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR)[6]. How does cloud seeding – chemtrails carried out in troposphere fit in this operation is not exactly explained. During the UNEP Nagoya conference in 2010 a five (5) year moratorium on geoengineering treaty was signed except for the experiments in minor extent[7].

In May 2012 the ETC Group in the framework of the project HOME (Hands off Mother Earth) managed to prevent an English trial to inject sulphur into the atmosphere (project named SPICE in the framework of geoengineering), The ETC group is inviting everyone who is willing to oppose the geoengineering to: www.handsoffmotherearth.org How it is to breathe sulphur we know from times when we were heating on coal. Maybe something can be achieved this way.

Geoengineering is primarily big business and will not solve the problem, because it was established primarily to use the weather in military purposes and striving to own what isn’t their property. Maybe people should demand to declare the sky as a nature resort where any experiments with chemicals, nanoparticles, artificial DNA and ELF waves (radar technology which seems to be mostly used on the Earth poles) are forbidden[8]. Meanwhile, in 1997, the trading with the weather started on Chicago stock exchange CME-GLOBEX. In 2012, 8 metropoles where included in this trade, some of them European. In USA cloud seeding was going on for quite a while by now[9]. That’s why also the consequences are more thorough. Some advocates of prohibition of geoengineering (Rosalind Peterson, Barbara H. Peterson and others) as a consequences of geoengineering mention:

  • Reduced harvest, because the plants can’t ripen due to the lack of sunlight;
  • Acidification of the soil due to the use of aluminum, iron and other particles[10], and various salts;
  • Dying of the trees from top to bottom;
  • Disappearing of the bees.

Other authors[11] mention reappearance of rachitis where it was extinguished (due to vitamin D insufficiency), incidences of new diseases, decrease of the immunity of living beings, disappearance of the bats, changing pH value of the soil. Among other consequences we can also find lowering of the sky for about 1 km due to the less clouds being formed in the higher layers of the atmosphere, changed composition of the atmosphere, changed composition of the clouds, changed outlook of the sky, the increase of CO2 due to the increased air traffic[12] , and presumably increased use of fuel due to the increased air traffic. As it was proved already in 1998 that the blue light the receptors in human eyes receive from the sky during a clear sunny day increases immunity, vigilance, brain activity (e.g. people make less errors) and more appropriate emotional responses, we can presume that an increase of the milkieness of the sky decreases the benefits of the blue light[13]. American authors state that serious consequences of the stratospheric aerosol geoengineering for the living beings appear after 10 years of its execution. Higher concentration of aluminum in the air also increases the incidence of Alzheimer disease. It is not difficult to establish that a poisonous atmosphere won’t contribute to the health of the living beings on Earth. The articles and reports from US mention primarily chemical exhausts; newer are also nano exhausts or nanotrails. For this purpose MEMS or GEMS are used (MEMS – micro electromechanical sensors, GEMS – global electromechanical sensors), that are used to detect the activity inside the clouds and can land on the plate, or in the eyes or noses and are considered a cause of the increase of the allergies. Yet, these are only two among the long list of the consequences of the stratospheric aerosol geoengineering. Condensation trails due to the aircraft gas exhausts are forming on ca. 8000 m altitude and -40 degree Celsius and 70% humidity and disperse after 2-3 minutes, because they are made of ice crystals; with higher humidity they linger longer; in higher altitudes the condensation trails don’t form.

Disclaimer: I stopped following this topic two years ago, so the data are from back then. I didn’t conduct any study; and I merely present the data found in the open sources on the internet.

Correction: A website that states that chemtrails is an exotic weapon and that geoengineering is not the same as chemtrails: http://chemtrailsplanet.net/2013/12/13/correction-chemtrails-are-not-the-same-as-geoengineering-as-srm/

A website that claims to monitor geoengineering: http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/

And a must read article about nano chemtrailshttp://willthomasonline.net/Nano_Chemtrails.html

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[1] Furland, Fran: Chemtraili so nad nami (Chemtrails are above us)

[2] See: Weather as a Air Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather by 2025

[3] The experts connected to IPCC state that the temperature on Earth has averagely grown for 0,56 degree Celsius in the last 100 years.

[4] Courtney, Richard:Global warming and how it all began http://www.john-daly.com/history.htm.

[5] Nafte ne bo zmanjkalo http://www.7dni.com/clanek2012051605783704 (Crude oil will not run out)

[6] See: Prof. Shepherd, John,  CBE FRS Geoengineering the climate: an overview and update in Geoengineering case study UK.pdf

[7] Oct. 2010 UNEP/CBD/COP/10/L.36, Art. 8. (w)1

[8] See: CEDAR, DARN, SuperDARN on the use of radar technologies for the study of the upper layers of the atmosphere, and SRGMI organization supporting the research in the field of geoengineering.

[9] See: Case Orange: Contrail Science, it’s impact on climate and weather manipulation programs conducted by united states and its allies

[10] All consequences should not be assigned to the SAG; in USA every rocket launch that carries a space shuttle into the atmosphere, releases 240 tons of HCl, 26 tons of Cl2, 7 tons of NO and 304 tons of Al2O3 . HCl acid melts 16 m concrete launching platform, raises the concentration of HCl acid in the nearby lakes up to 3M, and causes massive dying of the fish in the oceans and destroys the car paint on the cars. The major chemists think, that HCl acid is the major cause of the holes in the ozone layer of the atmosphere. http://r3zn8d.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/shuttle-launch-acid-rain.pdf In previous years NASA tested the rocket fuel ALICE(aluminum and ice from water) http://www.chemgeneration.com/si/milestones/raketna-goriva.html The rocket launching schedule for 2012 and an archive for until 2007 http://www.satelliteonthenet.co.uk/index.php/launch-schedule

[11] Röver D.: Chemtrail Health Effects and Environment

[12] SAG is being carried out also by commercial air carriers, while American Air Force intends to use the pilotless aircrafts for this purpose.

[13] Holzman, C. D.: What’s in a Color? The Unique Human Health Effects of Blue Light

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2831986/ in Philips goLITE BLU Plus HF3332 Product Description

Below: clearly visible normal clouds, we were once used to, and the seeded clouds (look like gauze like tissue).

Clearly visible ordinary and seeded clouds

A Free Gardening Plot for the Poorest Members of the Community

About half a century ago, I lived in a country with the inflation reaching thousand percent and over. Apart from running out of money right in the middle of the month and being unable to get to our jobs except by foot or by bicycle, it was fun. We were all millionaires. Money wasn’t anything serious anymore. The situation resembled the situation in »Gone with the Wind« where money was used for stuffing the holes in the walls. We played children’s roulette with it instead. Then, overnight, our country lost 80% of its market, the 30% allowed profit margin, and only domestic market remained.

During high inflation times our self-sustenance with the food produced in our own country was 80-90%. People owned small farms, where some of the owners farmed after their full time jobs. Other people rented the land from private farmers and some from the state. House owners usually had gardens, where fruits, vegetables and even poultry or other small animals were kept. Yet others rented small gardening plots in the town’s vicinity, where they grew vegetables and fruits. Growing own food wasn’t disgraceful then.

And, we were sharing within the communities – what one had in abundance he/she would offer to the neighbor and receive something useful in return. People regularly went to help their relatives who were farming and received food in return. In afternoons many went to help their friends or relatives to build or repair their houses.

Some 25 years later those gardening plot groups were banished, because their shags were disrupting the views of the town officials. This happened while hypermarkets were built.  So, at present we have about 2,5 square meters shopping space per person (above EU average) and some 10-20% of self-sustenance with the domestic food production, declining expertise in agricultural knowledge among the young generations, an increasing expertise among the poor in chasing discounted food offered by the continuous marketing actions and no limits to the profit margins. Supermarkets offer a separate box with discounted vegetables and fruits nearing their expiration date and a cart to place a purchased item for the poor. A gloomy sight!

Then in 2005, when I visited my relatives in the USA, I observed how people used their credit cards. The situation looked so familiar, I was sure it won’t last long before the whole system crashes. I didn’t need to wait more than three years. The entropic system crumbled like a house of cards and spread all over the planet.

However, it looks like poor people can support themselves during recession when they can grow food on their own or rented gardening plots. The more natural the food production, the better it is as we can read in Food and Permaculture, where David Blume states that “permacultural farming yields 8 times more than what USDA claims possible” and 22% CEC (Cation Exchange Capacity) for the soil (the divide line between dead and alive soil is 5% CEC).

I presume that every municipality owns some (surrounding) land. So, my suggestion is that every municipality on the planet offers a free of charge gardening plot in the town’s vicinity to its poorest members. Maybe they can even offer some flat roofs, if they can hold the weight of the soil and vegetables. It wouldn’t be such entirely new idea, some states and communities have provided themselves with gardening before as we can see in the documentary series Around the World in 80 Gardens by Colin Jones and other similar documentaries.

There should be no rent for the poorest; the only condition should be that they learn how to grow organically produced vegetables and fruits.  And maybe they can dig a well for the watering. There are more benefits to this than just food supply. Usually it is more satisfactory to produce own food than to beg for it at one of the charity institutions. It usually has more dignity in it and people don’t lose their connectedness to the land so quickly. Their children might pick up some agricultural knowledge while helping to garden as well. And in due time they might become not only experts in gardening, but also experts in avoiding food adds for they will learn that the most delicious food comes from the soil and not from the store shelves. In this way the poor might not live in such scarcity and the agricultural knowledge won’t be lost either.

The South Wall of Hyper/Supermarkets – A Photovoltaic Power Pant

In the last two decades the super/hypermarkets multiplied so drastically that according to our statistic bureau we have the highest amount of square meters of shopping spaces per person in Europe. Also the consumption of electricity increased considerably. These huge shopping places use pretty much lighting, but the heaviest consumers of electricity are the refrigerators and freezers.

This is why we should consider turning the south wall of every super/hypermarket into a photovoltaic power plant, so these shopping malls would produce the electricity for their own needs. In this way they could create some savings in their electricity bill and reduce the overlightedness of the surroundings during the night that the shopping malls usually produce.

Anyway, the photovoltaic transparent windows have been invented also, so a skyscraper can produce its own electricity. Presumably one already functions on Manhattan.

We can hardly say that in this way we will prevent the degradation of the land. If due to the increased need for electricity the power plant won’t be built here, but a photovoltaic power plant on the shopping mall’s wall instead, the raw materials will still need to be dug out somewhere else.

Yet, the surroundings might be a bit less overlit. We would fool ourselves if we would think it is sustainable (after the expiration date of the photovoltaic panels the raw materials don’t return where they were dug out), but we would produce the electricity on the plot where the natural environment has already been degraded by construction of the shopping mall.

Maybe someone could still study if the electricity can be produced from the overly heated thin-plated south wall of the shopping malls.

Thermal Depolymerisation (TDP) of Waste

I’m not very knowledgeable in chemistry. Yet the thermal depolymerisation of waste video »400$ Billion Dollar Secret« drew my attention. It looks like advertorial to me. But nevertheless we should consider processing waste and sludge in this way than by burning or burying it or other ways currently used, if the presented data on TDP is correct. The presented process shows processing of waste back into gasoline, fuel and other materials. Yet despite the relief to know that something more thorough and efficient then common practices is possible it was awkward to watch how an assembly line of turkey that duration limit has exceeded entering the thermal depolymerisation. We can easily imagine other living beings in such situation.

For decades I live nearby a city waste dump. Now it is closed, grass over its surface, and it produces fuel for the nearby urban setting. Before using it as a source of fuel it started burning repeatedly. Fire workers had to put out the fire quite often. Before it became a dump the huge hole was used as a gravel pit and a local swimming option; it was surrounded by fields, small forests and meadows. After the local authorities decided to use it to dump the waste from one major and some smaller cities, all wells downstream were polluted, people and animals stared getting sick, the vegetables were of dubious quality and the stank spread all around. After it was closed the local authorities couldn’t find another place for dumping city waste, so they packaged it in bales and stored it nearby highway and cemetery, and the same thing happened again except fires – people got sick, the stank was all around, it polluted the underground water.

So after reading about this thermal depolymerisation option I asked myself why don’t the people in charge use this option in combination with packing waste in bales. Well, maybe my idea is just too outlandish.

More on this topic:

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2003/may/22/research.highereducation1

http://www.sovereignty.org.uk/features/eco/zwaste2.html

Dropped Kerbs at the Street Crossings and Intersections

As more and more of the population is getting older there are also more persons with disability or some sort of impairment. It would be nice if we would be just as fit as when we are twenty, but usually it just doesn’t work this way. The street crossings for pedestrians and bikers in most cases don’t match the actual state of the population. Elderly, the disabled, people with some sort of musculoskeletal disease or other heavy chronic disease step down the pavement at the crossings with more difficulty. That’s why it is more likely for them to choose a less painful shortcut – where the kerb is dropped for the bikers. So this part of the crossing gets pretty crowded with: pedestrians, mums with baby carriages, bikes, disabled on wheelchairs, elderly with walking sticks or rolators.

Well, I guess this issue should not get resolved with fines, cameras, impediments, policemen but with the lowering of the kerbs at the whole length of the street crossing (the pedestrian and the bikers part) – thus with the dropped kerbs. This might enable all of the mentioned groups to move more easily towards their destinations and around the town.